You’ve probably seen a lot of attention being given to hemp oil and terpenes lately. What are terpenes? What role do they play in hemp oil? Are they good for you? We’ll examine all of those questions in this guide while giving you information on the most popular terpenes used in hemp oil preparations.
WHAT ARE TERPENES?
How do roses get their aroma? Where does basil get its flavor and aroma from? Terpenes. These tiny molecules are responsible for giving plants, herbs, spices, cannabis and trees/shrubs their flavor and aroma. They play a big role in aromatherapy as well. Terpenes are used in many hemp oil formulas to help with the flavor and aroma of the raw oil.
Terpenes do more than just lend a hand to flavor and aroma. They have a bigger job. Each tiny terpene has a profile, just like the cannabinoids found in hemp oil. They each have a purpose. Terpenes have accepted therapeutic value and may support the efficacy of some hemp oil formulas.
Every living thing has a means of protecting itself. For plants, terpenes are a method of survival. Some plants produce terpenes to keep predators away. These “predators” are animals, insects and other pests that like to feast on these plants for sustenance.
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Another reason that hemp oil and terpenes together matter is something called the entourage effect. This is the act of all of the cannabinoids and terpenes of a plant/formula working together synergistically in the body. Hemp oil made from full spectrum or broad spectrum derived from full spectrum hemp extract can achieve the entourage effect. Hemp oil isolate cannot – this is because the additional cannabinoids in the hemp plant have been left behind. Isolating just one cannabinoid eliminates the ability for the entourage effect to occur.
Commonly Used Terpenes in Hemp Oil Formulas
There are several terpenes that often find their way into hemp oil formulas. When reading product descriptions and hemp oil manufacturer information, it is important to look for the source of the terpenes. Plant-based terpenes are ideal. These do not contain chemicals and follow along the natural alternative you’re looking for.
Some terpenes are more commonly seen in hemp oil formulas. We’ve outlined each of these terpenes below including their merits and where to find them.
Before we get into the commonly used terpenes, let’s explain a little bit about the two main groups of terpenes.
Sesquiterpenes have stronger aromas. In this group you will find terpenes that have bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties. Sesquiterpenes are hydrocarbons that occur in oxygenated forms. To give an example of a classification of sesquiterpenes, essential oils are in this category.
Monoterpenes also exist in essential oils, but are found mostly in herbs, spices, flowers and citrus. This group of terpenes is present in some pine trees and fruits as well. The job of monoterpenes is to support the entourage effect as they work specifically with hemp oil. They’re the “helper terpenes” so-to-speak.
COMMONLY USED TERPENES IN HEMP OIL PRODUCTS
We’ve given you plenty of background information on terpenes, now it’s time to get to the actual terpenes. Their names might make them seem like chemicals in a hemp oil formula, but they really do have a purpose. From the information below, we hope you’ll see why hemp oil and terpenes together actually matter.
Alpha pinene is a common inclusion when hemp oil and terpenes are combined together. You may see it via some manufacturers listed as a-pinene. This terpene is abundant in many common foods and is said to help improve the entourage effect. It has a laundry list of potential benefits as well.
Some of those potential benefits include:
The analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties suggest that alpha pinene may be an ideal terpene addition for those needing support of pain and/or inflammation symptoms. It works synergistically with the non-intoxicating cannabinoids.
You can find alpha pinene in:
Pine trees and needles
Tea tree oil
Some herbs, such as parsley, dill and basil, include beta-forms of alpha pinene.
Beta-caryophyllene is one of the most widely used terpenes in hemp oil formulas. Hemp oil and terpene blends aiming to support pain and anxiety symptoms often include this terpene. CBD oil manufacturers europe may list this terpene as b-caryophyllene.
Beta-caryophyllenecan be found naturally in:
It’s likely that you’re consuming some beta-caryophyllene daily in foods that you eat and have had no idea. Beer drinkers receive a little bit from hops.
Some of this terpene’s properties include:
There is data that suggests that this terpene may be an option as a naturally-derived local anesthetic. From this list, it is easy to see that beta-caryophyllene has a lot of potential and may support inflammation and pain-related symptoms. It’s a helpful terpene in hemp oil formulas.
Limonene is also popular where hemp oil and terpenes combine in a single formula. It’s been included in several studies regarding inflammation. From its name, it lends a hint as to some of the sources of this versatile terpene. It’s an important factor in hemp oil formulations.
Limonene is found naturally in:
Lemon and lime peel
Citrus fruit pulp
Some pistachios and walnuts
While not all sources of limonene are in the citrus family, some of these do have hints of fruit in their flavors and aromas.
Properties of limonene include:
Limonene may also help other terpenes absorb into the skin in topical applications. The fighting power of limonene remains to be fully known as more extensive research is still needed.
Linalool is a very versatile terpene that is common in several types of hemp oil formulas. Its properties are lengthy, but several suggest that it could support mood improvement.
Linalool’s properties include:
An easy association of this terpene with your body would be – think happy and calm when you see linalool included as an ingredient.
Linalool is present naturally in:
Citrus peel and pulp
Linalool may also be included as an ingredient in aromatherapy products due to its presence in lavender.
Myrcene is a very valuable inclusion when it comes to hemp oil and terpenes. Studies suggest that it may be an ideal terpene for those with pain disorders. Its properties also suggest the potential for easing muscle tension and supporting inflammation reduction.
Myrcene’s properties include:
Myrcene does have sedative properties, but this is not strong or intense sedation.
You can find myrcene naturally in:
CBD oil manufacturers europe always follow it.
This may be one reason why alcoholic beverages made from hops could have relaxing properties. It could also be why some aromatherapy products containing lemongrass and eucalyptus are also calming.
Closing Thoughts Hemp oil and terpenes are a common combination of ingredients. Terpenes play several roles but also help these formulas smell and taste better. As we mentioned previously, you’ve probably consumed terpenes on a daily basis for most of your life and had n